5 Pillars of Islam
5 Pillars of Islam are the shahadah (statements of faith), salat (prayer five times a day), zakat (giving a portion of one’s possession, usually 2.5% of annual wealth, through local mosques or associations), sawm (fasting from sunrise to sunset in the month of Ramadan), and Hajj (pilgrimage to the Ka’bah in Mecca during the month of Dhu’l-Hijjah).
5 Pillars of Islam: “Righteousness does not consist in turning your face towards East or West. The truly good are those who believe in God and the Last Day, in the angels, the Scripture, and the prophets; who give away some of their wealth, however much they cherish it, to their relatives, to orphans, the needy, travelers and beggars, and to liberate those in bondage; those who keep up the prayer (salat) and pay the prescribed alms (zakat); who keep pledges whenever they make them; who are steadfast in misfortune, adversity, and times of danger. These are the ones who are true, and it is they who are aware of God.” (Qur’an 2:177).
Muslims are called to perform certain regular acts of worship which increase their sense of God consciousness and discipline their attitudes toward others as well as the use of their time and property. These acts of worship, often called the “Five Pillars of Islam,” are based in the Qur’an and Sunnah and interpreted by the ‘ulama in the first three centuries of Islam. The Five Pillars are: the shahadah, salat, zakat, sawm, and Hajj.